Reptiles and Amphibians
Understanding Reptile Heating and Lighting Requirements.
Heating and Lighting
Heating and lighting are essential for all of us. Sunlight brightens our mood and provides us with vital vitamins. For reptiles, and amphibians light dictates their eating and sleeping patterns. It’s critical to provide your pets with a proper cycle. They need a circadian rhythm, which is a natural, internal process that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and repeats every 24-hours.
This system enables them to have appropriate eating and sleeping patterns and is essential as providing food and water.
There are three types of bulbs.
- Heat bulbs
- Light bulbs
- And, bulbs that provide both heat and light
Reptiles and amphibians all benefit from UVB lighting. To determine how much UVB lighting, you must review your specific pet heating and lighting requirements. This habitat guide can help answer your questions.
Place your pet on a UVB light and heat cycle of 12 hours on, 12 hours off. This cycle helps mimic their natural environment of daytime and nighttime. To be clear, each reptile or amphibian species has a slightly different need, but 12 hours on and 12 hours off is a good starting point for light rotation.
When the UVB light is off in the evening, use a nighttime heat source. This heat source helps to keep your pets comfortable while they rest. The best bulbs to use for nighttime heat are black or red bulbs. You can also use a heat mat or a ceramic heat emitter which do not give off a bright light.
Considerations For Reptile Heating and Lighting
Providing your pet with the best habitat requires a few considerations.
- Where is your pet from a tropical or desert environment? Once you know the answers to this, you can build the appropriate terrarium. For example, what type of humidity do you need, do they like rocks, sand, plants, etc.
- What size is your habitat? Different bulbs give off different ranges and levels of heat and light. You want to provide the correct amount for your terrarium and your specific pet.
- What is the day and night cycle of your specific pet? You need to provide a healthy circadian rhythm (a natural, internal process that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and repeats every 24-hours). This cycle helps your pet have the correct sleep cycle and keeps their hormone release balanced.